Eradication of Corruption in Jokowi’s Era is Still Far From Satisfying

In a discussion entitled “2 Years of Jokowi-Ma’ruf Amin: False Promises of Eradicating Corruption” held by Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), on Tuesday (19/10), Lalola Easter from the Legal and Monitoring Division of ICW assessed the eradication of corruption in two years. The first government of Joko Widodo (Jokowi)-Ma’ruf Amin is still far from expectations.

Lalola gave an example of a scandal that was quite shocking in the middle of last year when a fugitive from a corruption case who had not been summoned for years to undergo a legal process, turned out to be able to enter Indonesia freely.

The fugitive named Djoko Tjandra is known to be able to enter and exit Indonesian territory easily because he received assistance from two high-ranking Indonesian National Police (Polri) officers, namely Brigadier General Prasetyo Utomo and Inspector General Napoleon Bonaparte, as well as Attorney Pinangki Sirna Malasari from the Attorney General’s Office.

“From there, it finally began to reveal how the chaos of law enforcement mechanisms in Indonesia was and how the involvement of law enforcement agencies was in obstructing the legal process itself. So we can see how this has become the president’s bad face because there is no control mechanism,” there is no evaluation mechanism for the conditions that occur,” said Lalola.

Regarding the conflict of interest in handling the Pinangki Prosecutor’s case, Lalola continued, the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) was once asked to take over the case but was not taken seriously by the KPK.

Indonesian Corruption Watch (ICW) researcher, Lalola Easter Kaban. (Photo screenshot)

Indonesian Corruption Watch (ICW) researcher, Lalola Easter Kaban. (Photo screenshot)

Therefore, Lalola believes that the three law enforcement agencies, the National Police, the Attorney General’s Office and the KPK already have a bad record in handling the corruption case involving Djoko Tjandra.

Indonesia is ranked 102 out of 180 countries surveyed in the Corruption Perceptions Index in 2020 conducted by the international anti-corruption organization, Transparency International. The ranking shows a setback from 2019 where previously Indonesia was entrenched in the 96th position.

President Jokowi himself, according to Lalola, has an important role in keeping the spirit in Government Regulation No. 99 of 2012 from being harmed. He said many parties already understand that convicts in corruption cases have the freedom to carry out their activities and even when they are already in prison. This further proves how dilapidated the handling of corruption convicts is.

Lalola then asked President Jokowi not to relax or simplify the conditions for granting remissions to convicts in corruption cases.

He identified that there was only one anti-corruption policy in the two years of Jokowi’s administration, namely the “National Strategy for Corruption Prevention” which was regulated through a presidential regulation. But the problem, said Lalola, is that there is no evaluation and quality control mechanism for the implementation of the national strategy to prevent corruption.

“But once we get to the evaluation mechanism, how then does the president, as the one who has the will because it is regulated in a presidential regulation, does not show his face there, does not command, and also does not directly lead the National Strategy for Corruption Prevention,” said Lalola.

In fact, according to Lalola, the strategy is very detailed in explaining the achievements that must be achieved, who is responsible, and what programs must be done.

Currently, there are three draft laws (RUU) that still show the spirit of eradicating corruption but have never been included in the priority programs of national legislation, namely the bill on restrictions on currency transactions, the bill on asset seizure and the bill on eradicating corruption. The Corruption Eradication Bill has been included in the national legislation program since 2014 but until this year it has never been included in the priority national legislation program.

A mural that reads "I'm Proud To Have Three Luxury Houses (Left), I'm Proud To Have Five Luxury Cars (center), I'm Proud Not To Do Corruption", on the wall of a street in Jakarta on November 18, 2009. (Photo: AFP/Adek Berry)

A mural that reads “I’m Proud to Have Three Luxury Houses (L), I’m Proud to Have Five Luxury Cars (center), I’m Proud Not To Do Corruption”, on the wall of a street in Jakarta on November 18, 2009. (Photo: AFP/Adek Berry )

Lalola said it was just a formality because on the other hand, the revision of the KPK Law, which was never included in the priority national legislation program, was discussed first and passed quickly.

Another thing that ICW highlighted was the issue of multiple positions, which were not taken seriously, and there were even omissions. In fact, with multiple positions, it is difficult for the individual to have maximum performance. Not to mention the potential for conflicts of interest to arise.

Therefore, Lalola concluded that from a political point of view the anti-corruption law that the Jokowi administration had was still far from satisfactory and there was still a lot of homework that President Joko Widodo had to complete to reform the bureaucracy in law enforcement agencies.

Lalola emphasized that the task was originally to be led directly by President Jokowi and could not be delegated to members of the cabinet.

KPK Stays Focused

Spokesman for the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) Ali Fikri said his institution will remain focused on efforts to eradicate corruption and is committed to continuing to carry out all agendas and strategies to eradicate corruption.

Eradication of corruption in Indonesia, he added, is a fixed price for the KPK. Handling corruption, he added, has become a law mandate for the KPK.

Until this news was revealed, the palace has not provided a response regarding this matter. [fw/em]

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