Cyber, One of the Challenges in Implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is an international agreement that was adopted by the world on November 20, 1989 and became the basis for the protection of children’s rights at the national level.

The 54 articles in the convention detail the rights and protection of children, as well as the obligations of national governments to ensure that the world’s children grow up to be a better generation.

Children wearing masks sit on a seesaw amid the COVID-19 outbreak in Jakarta, 7 September 2021. (REUTERS/Ajeng Dinar Ulfiana)

Children wearing masks sit on a seesaw amid the COVID-19 outbreak in Jakarta, September 7, 2021. (REUTERS/Ajeng Dinar Ulfiana)

Articles 16 and 17 of the CRC explain the protection of children’s privacy rights and children’s rights to obtain correct information from the internet, radio, television, newspapers, books and other sources. Adults should ensure that the information they obtain is harmless. Article 17 also states that the government must encourage the media to share information from various sources and languages ​​that are understood by children.

Child experts say that although Indonesia has had a Child Protection Law since 2002, the implementation of the articles of the convention has faced major challenges during the pandemic. The use of the internet by children without supervision and the freedom to explore cyberspace that is minimally censored, has a negative impact on mental, psychological and educational development, orientation, and even children’s sexual behavior.

The latest survey data from the Indonesian Internet Service Providers Association (APJII) has found a decrease in the age of cyber adventurous children from the age of 10 years. The data also presents the fact that only a small part of the time that children spend in cyberspace is used for schoolwork. Most of the portion of internet use during the pandemic is precisely for interacting on social networks.

Dr.  AA Sri Wahyuni, Child Psychiatrist Sanglah Hospital.  (Photo: Private Dock)

Dr. AA Sri Wahyuni, Child Psychiatrist Sanglah Hospital. (Photo: Private Dock)

Dr. Sri Wahyuni, a child psychiatrist and doctor at Sanglah General Hospital, said. “Those who have gadget with the reason of school assignments, in the end several cases of sexual violence occurred online, then scams happen that befell these children, who send pictures or send requested photos to abusers online this,” he explained.

This development makes parents and child observers concerned, especially after finding that prostitution, violence, crime, and sexual orientation towards children have also increased dramatically. online.

“At the age of 12, they had declared homosexuals, their parents wanted to faint with the consul because they watched shows that were animated but homosexual animations and the web they could search for themselves and their parents didn’t know, and the Communications and Informatics side was quickly defeated by the perpetrators of vandalism. people’s mentality, especially children,” said dr. Sri Wahyuni.

Even more worrying, the perpetrators of exploitation are now even extending to involve their own children and their peers.

Luh Putu Anggraini, Child Lawyer for LBH Apik Bali.  (Photo: Private Dock)

Luh Putu Anggraini, Child Lawyer for LBH Apik Bali. (Photo: Private Dock)

Luh Putu Anggraini is a lawyer for LBH Apik Bali whose clients are mostly children victims of sexual violence in Bali and NTB. He said, “Many teenagers are trapped in being sold into child prostitution through online, then there are children who were trapped by their ex-girlfriends when they broke up and were later sold, so they are called girls BO, it turns out that there are hundreds of people who chat ask to be served, ask for an appointment.”

The Indonesian government through the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (Kemeneg PPPA), in recent years has been aggressively promoting the protection of children’s rights. Together with women’s institutions, human rights and Kominfo, the government is trying to take integrated steps.

Despite these efforts, Indonesian child experts admit that cyber crimes against children are on the rise and will be a further challenge for government officials, law enforcement, parents to save Indonesian children.

“Will the government and the parents together learn to try this pandemic instead of being the reason our children are ignored so that they hover in this virtual world ?,” asked Dr. Sri Wahyuni.

Child observers also remind that efforts will be more effective if any prevention efforts actively involve assisting families and children themselves, so that the protection and rights of children can be fulfilled as stated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. [my/ka]

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