SMRC Executive Director Sirojudin Abbas said the survey results showed that the percentage of citizens who considered corruption eradication bad and very bad was 48.2 percent. He said the survey results also revealed that the percentage of citizens who considered the eradication of corruption to be good or very good was around 24.9 percent, while those who rated it were 23.2 percent. This survey involved 1,220 respondents on September 15-21 2021 with an error rate of approximately 3.19 percent.
“If we also check, the public’s assessment of corrupt behavior at this time, 49.1 percent of the people think that corruption in our country is increasing. Those who rate less are 17.1 percent and the same is only 27.8 percent. So the assessment tends to be negative,” explained Sirojudin Abbas in the release of the SMRC survey entitled ‘Two-Year National Public Evaluation of President Jokowi’s Performance’ in Jakarta on October 19, 2021.
Abbas added that the percentage of citizens who think the corruption situation is getting worse has increased. Based on the April 2019 survey, 47.6 percent assessed that corruption was increasing, while in September 2021 the figure was 49.1 percent.
The survey results also show that residents rate the government’s performance in reducing unemployment and the number of poor people is still negative. In the September 2021 survey, only 17 percent of the public thought the government’s work was getting better in reducing unemployment, while another 47 percent rated it bad and 34 percent said there was no change.
“Only 17 percent of the public think that the government is getting better at reducing unemployment. Compared to April 2019, the positive assessment decreased from 30 percent to 17 percent in September 2021,” he added.
Meanwhile, in terms of reducing the number of poor people, only 23 percent of the public considers the government’s performance to be getting better. Another 36 percent said it was getting worse and 37 percent said there was no change.
Nevertheless, citizens in general still strongly or quite believe that President Joko Widodo is able to bring Indonesia out of the economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The latest SMRC survey shows, about 67 percent of respondents expressed that belief. Abbas said that the people’s trust is an important political capital for the Jokowi government in carrying out the economic recovery program in the future.
On another occasion, ICW anti-corruption institute researcher Lalola Easter questioned the leadership of President Joko Widodo and Vice President Ma’ruf Amin in eradicating corruption. According to him, the president is not directly present in corruption eradication programs such as ensuring the National Strategy for Corruption Prevention (Stranas PK) runs well. In addition, the president also did not ensure that the bills included in the National Legislation Program (Prolegnas) were prioritized, including the Bill on Eradication of Currency Transactions (PTUK) and the Bill on the Confiscation of Assets Proceeds from Crimes.
“When it comes to the anti-corruption legal politics of the president and vice president, it is still far from satisfactory and there is still a lot of homework to be done,” explained Lalola at the press conference “Two Years of Jokowi-Ma’ruf Amin: False Promises to Eradicating Corruption” online on Tuesday (19/10/2021).
Lalola also highlighted the decision of the Constitutional Court (MK) regarding Government Regulation No. 99 of 2012 which regulates the inmates. In its decision, the Constitutional Court stated that all prisoners were entitled to remission in accordance with the Correctional Law. However, the Court did not revoke the PP because it was not authorized to review government regulations.
Lalola is of the view that the Constitutional Court’s decision will have a negative impact on eradicating corruption in the future because it will make interpretations of the inmates’ rules vary. Not to mention, he said, the Jokowi government still has a number of homework to do regarding the involvement of law enforcement officers involved in corruption cases whose handling has not been completed. [sm/ab]