The Director for the Protection of Indonesian Citizens of Indonesian Legal Entities at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Judha Nugraha, explained that there were 206 Indonesian citizens who were threatened with the death penalty abroad as of October 2021. .
“In total, as of October 2021, 206 of our citizens are facing the death penalty abroad. 79 of them already have inkrah status,” said Judha, Monday (18/10).
Judha explained that the Indonesian citizens who were most threatened with the death penalty were in Malaysia, namely 188 people and most of them were related to drug cases. Then, followed by Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Laos, China, Vietnam, Myanmar and Singapore.
“If we look at the types of cases. So we see here drug cases are the most. Where our citizens are threatened with the death penalty, followed by murder cases and others,” he explained.
Regarding gender, said Judha, 39 of the 206 people were women.
“The categories of crime are drugs (22 cases), murder (16 cases), and others (1 case). In terms of distribution in the country, Malaysia is the largest. Followed by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and other countries,” he said.
Judha said that the steps taken by the Indonesian government in providing protection for its citizens put forward three principles in accordance with the Minister of Foreign Affairs Regulation No. 5 of 2018. First, prioritize the responsibilities of related parties. Second, the government does not take over criminal or civil responsibility. Third, provide protection in accordance with national law, local countries, and international customs.
“We do not give impunity to our citizens who commit crimes abroad. However, the government’s job is to provide legal assistance so that our citizens get their rights fairly in the local country,” said Judha.
Not only that, the government also takes litigation and non-litigation steps such as legal and diplomatic efforts.
“Diplomatic efforts both at the bilateral level through lobbies or diplomatic notes. Indeed, this is not in the context of intervening in local laws. This is an effort so that our citizens can be released from the threat of the death penalty,” concluded Judha.
By 2021 at least the government has freed two Indonesian citizens from the death penalty for murder in Saudi Arabia.
The head of Komnas Perempuan, Andy Yentriyani, assessed that the death penalty against women is the culmination of acts of gender-based violence. This is because often women who face the death penalty are initially victims of domestic violence.
“If we look at existing studies, often women who are sentenced to death are victims of domestic violence. For example, for self-defense efforts, it is also because of the psychological pressure they face. Then, physical and sexual pressure, so that they take action to take their lives,” he said. also attended the online discussion.
Andy continued, many women who are on death row are victims of human trafficking with the main goal of being drug couriers. This is exacerbated by the patriarchal system in society and makes it easy for women to be tricked into committing criminal acts that lead to the death penalty.
“The patriarchal system in our society causes women to live in a dependency model not only economically but psychologically to men. As a result, they are very vulnerable to being deceived,” he concluded.
Meanwhile, a legal expert at Atma Jaya University Jakarta, Asmin Fransiska, said that the death penalty is often discriminatory and disproportionate. The death penalty often reaches vulnerable groups, the poor, and the blind.
“Blind to those who need legal assistance is more appropriate,” he concluded. [aa/ab]