This first aid method requires rescue workers or someone close to the victim to place a fist on the femoral artery which is located between the groin of the injured leg and the victim’s genitalia, and then apply pressure using their full body weight to stop blood flow to the affected leg. wounded. This is a common practice used in some hospital emergency rooms to treat badly injured feet.
This technique was developed by Dr. Nicholas Taylor, dean of the Australian National University School of Medicine and a surfer. This technique is described in a paper published recently in Journal of Emergency Medicine Australasia.
Taylor says research has shown that compressing the femoral artery is more effective than applying pressure or applying emergency splints to the injured leg.
He said, “We do not need to apply it near the wound to make this technique effective, and in some cases, reduce the problem of nausea in addition to trying to put pressure on the bleeding leg. The problem is, in shark bites, this not only causes tearing, but also causes damage and trauma. These bites often break bones and tear muscles to pieces, so trying to stress something to stop the bleeding is almost impossible. But pressing on the groin where there is no blood is really an easy thing to do. ”
Taylor said surfers were at greater risk of shark attacks and injured legs were the most common injuries. Taylor says he wants his method to be promoted on first aid posters posted on beaches around the world.
Taylor adds, “At International Shark Attacks, the majority of shark attacks occurred in the US, followed by Australia, then South Africa and Europe. And there are some islands like Reunion, which tend to log large numbers of shark attacks. Australia has unfortunately led the way in the death toll in recent years. You know, wherever there are sharks, people have potential for shark attacks and I think this technique, if it’s widely known, could potentially be a life saver.”
The Australian research emphasizes that shark attacks are “increasingly frequent in Australasia and around the world.”
2020 saw the worst fatal shark attack since 2013. The US-based International Shark Attack File recorded 10 deaths last year, six of which occurred in Australian waters. [uh/lt]