KLHK Launches National Mangrove Map 2021

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry has launched the 2021 National Mangrove Map which is the result of a gradual updating of the map preparation that has been carried out from 2013 to 2019. The map is expected to be a reference in program planning and policy making on mangrove management in Indonesia.

The Director General of Watershed Management and Forest Rehabilitation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Helmy Basalamah explained that the results of the 2021 National Mangrove Map updating show that the mangrove area is around 3,364,080 hectares, or 52,835 hectares compared to the 2013-2019 National Mangrove Map.

“This increase shows a positive indication of mangrove conservation efforts in Indonesia. Efforts have been made by many parties from ministries, institutions and community groups, especially coastal communities independently,” said Helmy Basalamah at the launch of the 2021 National Mangrove Map at the Angke Kapuk Nature Tourism Park, Jakarta, Wednesday (13/10).

The total area consists of 3.1 million hectares of dense mangroves, 188,000 hectares of medium mangroves and 44 thousand hectares of rare mangroves.

Mangrove management needs to be implemented in an integrated manner with good planning, through better mangrove management strategies in the future.  (Twitter/@KementerianLHK)

Mangrove management needs to be implemented in an integrated manner with good planning, through better mangrove management strategies in the future. (Twitter/@KementerianLHK)

The 2021 National Mangrove Map also contains information on the potential distribution of mangrove habitats covering an area of ​​756,000 hectares. The potential for mangrove habitat is land that is characteristically in accordance with the mangrove habitat, but there is no vegetation. In detail, the potential land is now in the form of 631,802 hectares of ponds, 56 thousand hectares of emergent land, 55 thousand hectares of open land, 8 thousand hectares of abraded mangroves and 4 thousand hectares of abrasion area.

Compilation of maps with a scale of 1 to 50,000 Environment and Forestry (KLHK), the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), the Peat and Mangrove Restoration Agency (BRGM), the Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), and the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) which are members of in the Mangrove Rehabilitation Working Group.

The Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, who was present at the launch event, said that the 2021 National Mangrove Map is expected to be used as a basis for planning and policy making in the context of mangrove ecosystem management.

Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, at the launch of the 2021 National Mangrove Map at TWA Angke Kapuk, Jakarta, Wednesday (13/10).  (Twitter/Ministry of Environment and Forestry)

Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, at the launch of the 2021 National Mangrove Map at TWA Angke Kapuk, Jakarta, Wednesday (13/10). (Twitter/Ministry of Environment and Forestry)

“With the One Map Mangrove, I think we can make our steps clearer going forward. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry as the guardian of mangrove data is the foundation for updating data collection. This is to be a reference for other national ministries,” said Luhut, who also emphasized the government’s seriousness in rehabilitating mangrove ecosystems in Indonesia.

Rehabilitation Target of 600 Thousand Hectare in Nine Provinces

Head of the Peatland Restoration and Mangrove Rehabilitation Working Group Head, Peat and Mangrove Restoration Agency, Noviar, revealed that there are around 600 thousand hectares of mangroves targeted to be rehabilitated by 2024 in nine provinces, which include North Sumatra, Riau Islands, Bangka Belitung, Riau, West Kalimantan. , North Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Papua and West Papua. The rehabilitation prioritizes the participation of people who depend on the mangrove ecosystem for their lives.

“We call it accelerated mangrove rehabilitation through a labor-intensive scheme. This is what we will do. There are 600 thousand hectares in nine provinces by involving the community with this labor-intensive scheme which we will carry out until 2024,” explained Noviar in the webinar for Climate Resilience Ecosystems, Ecosystem Resilience and Mangrove Landscapes, Wednesday (6/10).

In addition to the launch of PMN, mangrove planting and workshops on the development of mangrove rehabilitation management policies were also carried out.  (Twitter/@KementerianLHK)

In addition to the launch of PMN, mangrove planting and workshops on the development of mangrove rehabilitation management policies were also carried out. (Twitter/@KementerianLHK)

The mangrove rehabilitation framework includes the restoration of 120 thousand hectares of mangroves with sparse vegetation density, an increase of 180 thousand hectares of medium mangroves and the maintenance of 300 thousand hectares of dense mangroves.

Noviar explained that the damage to the mangrove ecosystem was caused by the transfer of functions of various interests based on development plans and management plans, illegal logging, encroachment and unsustainable use.

Ecosystem damage causes abrasion, seawater intrusion, tidal flooding, carbon release and loss of mangrove biota. [yl/ab]

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