Will Poland Leave the European Union?

European Union officials warned that the bloc was “at risk of collapse” unless they agreed to challenge Poland’s Constitutional Court decision not to recognize the rule of law of the European Union, which is seen as a key pillar of European integration.

Vera Jourova, EU commissioner from the Czech Republic, said on Monday (11/10) that “if we do not uphold the principle in the European Union that the same rules are respected in all countries in Europe, the whole of Europe will begin to collapse. That’s why we have to react to the new chapter that the Polish Constitutional Court has shown.”

Large rallies were held across Poland at the weekend in support of EU membership following the decision of the country’s Constitutional Court last Thursday (7/10).

The protests were sparked after judges at Poland’s Constitutional Court last week ruled that the national constitution has primacy over EU law.

An estimated 100,000 people gathered in Warsaw on Sunday (10/10) to show support for Poland’s membership in the European Union. Among them is Donald Tusk, former president of the Council of Europe until 2019 and now chairman of the opposition Civil Platform Party in Poland’s government.

“What brings us all here today? A quasi-trial, a group of disguises in judicial robes, on the orders of the party leader, in violation of the constitution, decided to expel Poland from the European Union,” Tusk told a crowd gathered in the Polish capital.

Protesters were seen waving Polish and European Union flags in an action taken to support Poland's membership in the bloc.  The action took place in Warsaw on October 10, 2021. (Photo: AP)

Protesters were seen waving Polish and European Union flags in an action taken to support Poland’s membership in the bloc. The action took place in Warsaw on October 10, 2021. (Photo: AP)

Didier Reynders, the European Union’s Judiciary Commissioner, on Monday threatened retaliation against Poland.

“We are waiting for a new decision from the (EU) Court on the situation in Poland – as well as possible daily financial sanctions,” he told reporters.

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki initially took the case to Poland’s Constitutional Court in March. He has refused to implement two decisions made last July by the European Union Court, which accused the Polish government of political interference in the judiciary.

Prime Minister Morawiecki denied interfering and said on Monday that Poland was not seeking a way out of the European Union. (lt/ka)

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