Efforts to Overcome Global Climate Change Need Everyone’s Support

In the opening ceremony of the Climate Diplomacy Week which was held virtually in Jakarta, Monday (11/10), the European Union Ambassador to Indonesia Vincent Piket explained that this year the whole world has seen the adverse effects of climate change. In recent months, there have been severe forest fires and flash floods in many areas including Europe, America and Asia.

Vincent Piket. (Twitter/@AidaGreenbury)

Vincent Piket. (Twitter/@AidaGreenbury)

Picket emphasized that all parties must recognize that all the natural disasters that have emerged recently are strong evidence that global climate change has occurred.

“The only way this has to be done is to take action to protect the environment and human life, and lay the groundwork for a new type of economy and society. We need to take decisive action and we need to do that now,” Piket said.

IPCC Report: Climate Change Clearly Affects Human Lives

Citing a report issued by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) last July, Piket said climate change is happening and ongoing global warming will affect human life.

This report demands all countries to immediately reduce their CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions to 0, and urges all countries to increase actions to protect the environment, such as forests and marine life.

Picket stressed the need to take dramatic measures to curb climate change and reach the Paris Agreement, which is to limit the increase in global temperature rise to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius. For this reason, he called on all countries to prepare their respective national strategies to be able to achieve the greenhouse gas emission target of 0 percent.

According to him, the European Union and its 27 member countries have committed to reducing CO2 emissions to zero by 2050. The European Union has prepared a policy package to meet these targets last July, and is ready to lead global efforts in dealing with global climate change. But the European Union admits it cannot act alone.

Piket emphasized that if all countries participated in pursuing zero percent greenhouse gas emissions, the world would win in facing global climate change. On the other hand, if the world does not unite, then humans will lose.

Efforts to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions and maintain biodiversity are two things that must be done together, and for that the European Union, added Piket, is ready to cooperate with Indonesia.

German Ambassador to Indonesia: 2021 Is an Emergency Time to Preserve Biodiversity

At the event, the German Ambassador to Indonesia Ina Lepel said that 2021 is a very urgent time to maintain biodiversity and stop the pace of global climate change. Because the world is already witnessing the devastating effects of climate change.

“We need to stop the destruction of biodiversity around the world and under the new global biodiversity framework, we need to ensure 20 percent of the world’s land and sea areas are protected,” Lepel said.

Lepel added that restoration is a cheap and fast way to deal with global climate change.

IESR : All Citizens Must Make Efforts to Overcome Climate Change an Emergency Issue

Fabby Tumiwa, Executive Director of the Institute for Essential Executive Reforms (IESR), an energy and environmental study institute, said that the message in the IPCC report is very clear and therefore all citizens must make efforts to deal with climate change as a serious and emergency problem, and as a global humanitarian mission. Indonesia, said Fabby, is one of the largest contributors of carbon emissions in the world.

“The problem is that 86 percent of Indonesia’s energy comes from fossil fuels. We are still trying to eradicate the reality of the poor, people living in very poor conditions, the middle class is still growing, but that doesn’t mean Indonesia is avoiding efforts to increase its ambitions on climate change, especially to support global emission reductions of up to 50 percent by 2030 to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement,” said Fabby.

He added, Indonesia needs to move to renewable energy sources, use energy efficiently, and gradually stop operating power plants that use coal.

The Three Targets of the Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Climate Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) which oversees the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions that went into effect last year. This agreement was made at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, France.

The Paris Agreement has three targets, namely to contain the rate of increase in global temperatures to below two degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels and to achieve efforts to limit temperature changes to at least 1.5 degrees Celsius, because these restrictions will significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.

This agreement also commits to increase the ability to adapt to the impacts of climate change, increase climate resilience and implement development that is low in greenhouse gas emissions without threatening food production.

And no less important is to make consistent financial supply for the achievement of development that is low in greenhouse gas emissions and resistant to climate change. [fw/em]

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