The extreme poverty rate in Indonesia currently reaches around 4 percent or 10.8 million people. President Joko Widodo requested that the number drop drastically to zero in 2024 so that poverty in the country can be successfully eradicated.
One of the provinces with quite high extreme poverty is Central Java. Existing data mentions, the number is more than 1.5 million people. Vice President Ma’ruf Amin, Thursday (7/10) came to Semarang to discuss this issue.
By the end of this year, the central government has focused efforts to alleviate extreme poverty in Central Java in five districts, namely Brebes, Banyumas, Pemalang, Banjarnegara and Kebumen.
“Because our target (by) 2024 is Indonesia’s extreme poverty is already zero percent, in accordance with the direction of the President. There are 212 districts in total that we have to complete. For 2021, it will be centered in 35 districts in seven provinces, one of which is in Central Java,” Amin said in Semarang.
The meeting with the local government, continued Amin, is expected to be an event for data synchronization and handling. Likewise with the division of the budget, both central, provincial and district. Amin also hopes that funds to overcome extreme poverty will come from social assistance from private companies, philanthropic activities, to religious charities such as Baznas.
On the other hand, the government is also boosting Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), because they believe they can help reduce extreme poverty.
“The government uses two approaches. The first is social protection through social assistance and the second is empowerment, namely through the development of MSMEs in the regions,” Amin said.
Immediately Form a Task Force
A day after being visited by Ma’ruf Amin, Central Java immediately formed a Task Force (Satgas), on Friday (8/10). The Governor of Central Java, Ganjar Pranowo, said that the Task Force was working to solve extreme poverty in five areas called the Vice President.
In the five regions, there are more than 27,000 residents who will be the target of the program until December 2021.
“We are ready. There are more than 27 thousand, already entered in our data. Tomorrow the verification is complete, tomorrow night it will be presented to me. Yesterday’s order from the Vice President so that those who fall into the extreme poor category can be handled immediately,” said Ganjar in Semarang, Friday (8/10).
Verification is needed to ensure the appropriate intervention. The government itself has made guidelines to classify people who are in extreme poverty.
“We have prepared the intervention. In terms of expenditure, then we press. In terms of income, then he has to work. From the side of the house, electricity, a place to defecate or a latrine, a source of clean water. We have to do this fast intervention,” said Ganjar.
A special task force is needed to accelerate the program. Ganjar said he was worried that the government in these five regencies was not ready, and therefore needed assistance.
According to available data, the overall extreme poverty rate in Central Java is in the range of 1.5 million people. This number comes from 35 districts and cities in the province, not only in the five districts that were handled at the beginning. Next year, the handling will touch other areas.
“But I remind you that the handling must be parallel. Right now we are preparing the 2022 RAPBD, I ask that it be included so that it continues,” he added.
Income Rp12 Thousand a Day
One of the ministries in charge of this program is the Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration (Kemendes PDTT). PDTT Village Minister, Halim Iskandar said the government used data from the Central Statistics Agency related to classifying residents in extreme poverty.
“Referring to the global measurement conducted by the World Bank, the earnings are below purchasing power parity equivalent to $1.99 per capita, or if it is calculated today for Indonesia, it is approximately Rp. 12,000 per capita per day,” Halim said in an explanation to the media, Wednesday (6/10).
Regarding the disproportionate exchange rate between the dollar and the rupiah above, according to Halim, the government is considering the conversion of the price of goods. For example, food prices in the United States are compared to prices in Indonesia.
With this stipulation, those who earn less than Rp. 12,000 per day in Indonesia are included in the group of people with extreme poverty.
Halim claims, as data updates in the village are still ongoing, residents’ income data is also included in it. That’s why, for anyone who is extreme poor, the data is available.
“We can find the reality on the ground, extreme poor people, by name by address. It can be seen exactly what the problem is, what conditions are there, where is the place and what interventions can be done, “said Halim.
The government classifies the extreme poor into two groups. First, are those who have almost all of the multidimensional complexity of poverty.
“All those attributes of poverty stick. For example poor, elderly, alone. This is a lot in the villages. Then it doesn’t work, maybe because it’s disabled or old. It’s already so have chronic and chronic diseases, and followed by conditions of houses that are not suitable for habitation and do not have clean water and adequate sanitation facilities, “said Halim.
For this group, the government does not implement an empowerment policy. The state will be present so that this group is healthy, fulfilled their daily needs and happy. The new empowerment will be applied to the second group, namely if the poor are aged 15-64 years, do not have chronic diseases and are not disabled. In short, he still has the ability to work. [ns/ah]