The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Tuesday (5/10) announced that the Nobel prize for physics was awarded to three scientists. They are considered meritorious in helping to provide an understanding of complex physical systems. What they did proved valuable in measuring and predicting climate.
At a press conference in Stockholm, the academy’s secretary general Goran K. Hansson and a panel of Nobel jury awarded half of the prize to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann “for modeling the physics of Earth’s climate, measuring variability and reliably predicting global warming.” The other half of the prize went to Giorgio Parisi “for discovering the interactions of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from the atomic to planetary scale.”
According to the panel, Manabe and Hasselmann’s work “lays the foundation of our knowledge of Earth’s climate and how humankind affects it.”
Born in Japan and now a senior meteorologist at Princeton University, Manabe pioneered the study of how rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause an increase in temperature at the Earth’s surface.
Hasselmann is professor of meteorology at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany. He created models that linked weather and climate, thus answering the question of why climate models are reliable even when the weather is fluctuating and chaotic.
While physicists at the Sapienza University of Rome Parisi in his career discovered hidden patterns in complex, disordered matter, which allowed scientists to understand and describe many different and highly random matter and phenomena in all areas of science and mathematics.
The three scientists will share the $1.1 million cash prize. The Nobel Prize for medicine was awarded last Monday, the prizes for chemistry, literature, peace and economics will be awarded this weekend and early next week. [ka/lt]