The results of a survey from Saiful Mujani Research and Consulting (SMRC) entitled “Public Attitudes to Pancasila and the Communist Threat” show that the issue of the rise of the PKI which often arose from late September to early October was not trusted by the public. The SMRC program manager, Saidiman Ahmad, said that the majority of residents, as much as 84 percent, did not believe that there was currently a PKI revival in the country.
This public opinion survey was held from 15 to 21 September 2021 through face-to-face or direct interviews with 981 respondents. The survey has a 95 percent confidence level with an error rate of 3.19 percent.
“There are 14 percent who agree with that view (the existence of the PKI revival). Meanwhile, 84 percent who do not agree or don’t believe that the PKI is on the rise. So the majority of Indonesians are not affected by the issue of the PKI revival,” Saidiman said, Friday (1 /10).
Saidiman explained that of the 14 percent who believed in the rise of the PKI, 49 percent or 7 percent of the total population considered the revival to be a real threat to the country. While there are 24 percent or 3 percent of the total population assessing the threat a little has become a threat to the country.
“Meanwhile, there are 16 percent of those who think it’s not a threat, and 70 percent of those who strongly believe that the revival will never become a threat,” he explained.
Saidiman continued, the trend of public attitudes towards the issue of the rise of the PKI from October 2015 to September 2021 also did not develop or stagnate. Based on data from the SMRC, the public view that believes that there is a PKI revival is relatively stable at around 10 to 16 percent.
“Similarly, those who do not believe that the PKI is now rising are between 84 and 90 percent,” he said.
According to the Executive Director of Amnesty International Indonesia, Usman Hamid, although there are very few community groups who believe in the rise of the PKI. However, the issue of the rise of the PKI is often recycled.
“There is a kind of effort to maintain the narrative of fear. Many respondents understand that this is dominated by the New Order narrative that the PKI is the party responsible for the betrayal of the government in 1965,” he said.
Meanwhile, Komnas HAM Commissioner, Beka Ulung Hapsara, said that the issue of the rise of the PKI which is often recycled every year is not only a political issue but also has an impact on the thickening of stigma, trauma, discrimination, and social separation.
“From the side of Komnas HAM, it certainly protects the victims and their families from games or political issues that thicken the stigma,” he said. [aa/lt]