Violence Against Wives Still High

Komnas Perempuan Commissioner Siti Aminah explained that during 2016-2020 violence against wives always ranked first. Followed by violence against girls, violence against domestic workers and other violence related to kinship relations.

“For 17 years, if we look at the domestic and personal spheres, there have been 544,452 cases reported in various types, from violence against wives, violence against girls, violence against domestic workers, violence against ex-boyfriends, and violence against ex-husbands,” Aminah said

Aminah added that during the last five years alone there were 36,356 cases of domestic violence and 10,669 cases in the personal sphere.

According to Aminah, the articles in Law Number 23 of 2004 concerning the Elimination of Domestic Violence that are most used to handle cases are the prohibition against committing acts of psychological violence (article 45), sexual violence (articles 46 and 47), physical violence (article 44 ), combating sexual violence (article 48) and neglect (article 49).

Activists demonstrate to demand respect for women's rights on the commemoration of World Women's Day in Jakarta (photo: doc).

Activists demonstrate to demand respect for women’s rights on the commemoration of World Women’s Day in Jakarta (photo: doc).

Aminah said the biggest obstacles in terms of breaking the chain of violence and recovering the victim were the victim withdrawing the report, interpretation of marital status (unregistered marriage), lack of evidence, the perspective of the apparatus, not yet maximally imposing additional penalties in the form of restrictions on the perpetrator’s movement, restrictions on certain rights and following the counseling program, the application and working mechanism of the protection order have not been maximized and a culture that still views domestic violence as a disgrace and a private matter.

Five Factors

In addition, Aminah continued, there are five factors that require special attention from the relevant parties, namely first, the criminalization of the victim, in the sense that the victim of domestic violence is even reported back by the perpetrator.

The second factor is the continued violence by ex-husbands, which shows that domestic violence does not end even though the couple is divorced.

The third factor is parenting conflict. Therefore, Aminah asked the court to ensure that divorced parents have a joint parenting plan so that children are not used as tools for violence.

The fourth factor is violence in unregistered marriages, and the fifth is the pattern of resolving domestic violence that restores victims.

The participants of the Women's March demanded the immediate ratification of the RUU-PKS during an action in Jakarta.  (Photo: doc. Mouab/Sasmito)

The participants of the Women’s March demanded the immediate ratification of the RUU-PKS during an action in Jakarta. (Photo: doc. Mouab/Sasmito)

It is common knowledge that the implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Domestic Violence is strongly influenced by the strong view that domestic violence is a household issue that does not need to be disclosed to the public. This has contributed to making law enforcement officers always encourage that the purpose of the Law on the Elimination of Domestic Violence is to maintain the integrity of the household.


According to the Head of the Women and Children Protection Unit (PPA) of the Indonesian National Police (Polri) Police Commissioner Ema Rahmawati, the modes of domestic violence include slapping, pushing, hitting, insulting, verbally abusing, forced sexual intercourse, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation and abuse. neglect.

“The motive is economic, namely the seizure of the property of Gono Gini. Then the faucet of household conditions, infidelity, the struggle for custody, drug abuse revenge, differences in character or culture, biological disorders, or self-actualization, the existence of excessive limits, do not want to be rivaled , and others,” said Emma.

Activists take part in an event commemorating World Women's Day in Banda Aceh.  (Photo: doc. AFP/Chaideer Mahyuddin)

Activists take part in an event to commemorate World Women’s Day in Banda Aceh. (Photo: doc. AFP/Chaideer Mahyuddin)

As of July, there have been 3,302 domestic violence cases handled by the police

Ema added that until July this year alone, there were 3,302 cases of domestic violence handled by the police. For the mechanism for handling cases of domestic violence, the Women and Children Protection Unit already exists up to the level of the Resort Police.

The obstacles faced by the police in handling domestic violence cases, according to Ema, are limited human resources, the level of ability of the investigators, the investigators’ understanding of the Law on the Elimination of Domestic Violence.

Ema said that before making a complaint report, the victim was asked to first consult with the PPA Unit in the local police to find out the victim’s needs when he was going to report to the police. It is during this consultation that the police can provide access to medical services. If still in a state of trauma, the police will refer the victim to psychological services.

In the PPA Unit, it is also possible to discuss what articles will be imposed on perpetrators of violence so that when making reports there are no errors in the application of the articles.

Ema said the challenge in handling domestic violence cases was that only the victims were the key witnesses. Considering that only victims and perpetrators know about the violence, a post-mortem is needed to be evidence of handling cases.

Another difficulty, continued Ema, is the delay in reporting the victim, possibly due to a special reason that causes the victim not to immediately report to the police after experiencing domestic violence. So that evidence, such as physical violence, can be lost. It could be too late to report because there is a threat from the perpetrator or the perpetrator is the closest person.

Another challenge, victims often withdraw reports because of economic needs and choose to divorce. There are also different interpretations of the law so that handling is hampered.

The limitations of doctors, psychologists, and assistants are also a problem in investigating domestic violence cases, so as a result investigators ask for information from general criminal experts who are not necessarily appropriate in handling cases. [fw/em]

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