“Earlier, it was seen that both parties had mediated and no one objected. From the victim’s side, they have the heart to forgive the actions of these women.”
After an ice seller in Pekalongan was caught stealing baby’s milk last February, earlier this month two mothers in Blitar were arrested for stealing baby milk and eucalyptus oil for their little ones. In both cases, the perpetrators of theft admitted that they were forced to steal because they wanted to provide for the basic needs of their babies and children.
And in both cases, the perpetrators of the thefts were acquitted after the police and shop owners pardoned and withdrew the lawsuits on humanitarian grounds. The support of netizens who pleaded for the release of the two on social media was also an effective force to put “pressure” on the authorities to take the peaceful path.
The head of the Sarinah Foundation, Eva Sundari, told Mouab that netizens were quick to respond to their efforts to resolve this case amicably, but “this must be a slap in the face for us because the law has lost its spirit, namely justice.”
According to the former member of the DPR from the PDI-Perjuangan, poverty conditions during and after the pandemic should be a serious concern for the government because it has been proven that “social assistance and other programs that have been created cannot answer the needs of poor families, for example the needs of babies or people with disabilities, and it is even appropriate to do so. government expands social protection that is more gender-responsive.”
Social Security Mismatch Response
However, before responding to such demands, Professor of Social Welfare, FISIP UI, Prof. Dr. Bambang Shergi Laksmono said that it is necessary to first look at the existing conditions of poverty, which in Indonesia are characterized by “patterns”. seasonal poverty or conditions of poverty that change in certain seasons, aspects of the large number of labor farmers, and the situation of the gradual shifting of agricultural areas into industrial areas, especially in Blitar where the composition of agriculture is getting smaller.
According to Bambang Shergi, there are mismatch or the mismatch between poverty conditions and the response of the social security system which is generally “based on the implementation of annual project designs carried out based on project quotas, or the number of people, or beneficiaries.”
Furthermore, this social welfare policy expert describes how the “quota” or the number of recipients of social assistance is determined based on the schedule of social security implementation whose assessment or assessment is top-down, or carried out by central officers who go down, and most likely cannot actually capture people who can actually be “caught by social safety net that exist and indeed aim to reduce poverty and provide social protection,” said Bambang Shergi.
PKH Can’t Reach All Poor People
The former Dean of FISIP UI gave an example of one social security program that received the most attention, namely the PKH Family Hope Program. “There is the most notable project, namely the PKH Family Hope Program. However, there are conditions that must be met to get PKH, namely having children who are still of school age and pregnant women who require them to check their womb at the puskesmas; If you meet these two conditions, you are entitled to PKH. But if we talk about seasonal poverty and labor earlier, maybe they didn’t go in safety net organized by the government.”
The government, he added, actually wants to expand PKH, which is targeted to reach 10 million people. “But databaseIt remains a public polemic because the social data held at the center and the regions (DTKS) are not the same. Due to its top-down nature in the process assessment-nya, so the survey from the central officer who went down; no self-assesment and request. “
“In developed countries, the subjects who come to the social security office to register themselves; earlier in Indonesia this was not the case. This is an assessment from above based on quotas, not citizens who report to the local welfare unit in their area. Especially because most of our citizens are in the industrial sector. unregistered informal or in this context citizens who do not yet have universal rights, because they do not yet exist universal social safety net in Indonesia,” he added.
US Still Continues to Develop Social Security Program
In comparison, America’s social safety net includes a variety of programs to protect low-income citizens from poverty. Some of the programs referred to include Temporary Assistance for Families in Need or Temporary Assistance to Needy Families TANF, Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program SNAP, income tax credit (for the poor) or earth income tax credit EITC, Medicaid, and the Special Supplement Program for Women, Infants and Children or Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children WIC.
All of these programs are provided in the form of non-contribution transfer payments and/or coupons that low-income residents can use at designated retail shops. All of these social safety nets have positive connections and impacts on education, health and food security, as well as to increase the ability of individual households to generate income that can have a positive impact on the family economy and the local community.
Prof. Dr. Bambang Shergi Laksmono said that so far the social security programs developed in Indonesia are still focused on the disabled and the elderly, not yet linked to gender “because it is still not considered strong enough to be its own criterion in the context of poverty.”
In the two cases of milk theft in Pekalongan and Blitar, what should also be highlighted is the changing role played by the police, who are now more accommodating and prioritize a family approach rather than a legal approach. [em/lt]